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Revelation: The Severans to the Constantines

Lucius Septimius Severus, was appointed Caesar following the brief reigns of Pertinax, Julianus, and Clodius Albinus all of whom he had a hand in dispatching. Severus was Caesar from 192 to 211. Edward Gibbon credits Severus as the first of the emperors of the decline of the Roman Empire. However, we should pause to note the timeline is now nearly 200 years beyond the resurrection of Christ. Severus had been appointed by the Praetorian Guard and would later be assassinated…

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Rome: Domitian, the Flavians and Antonine Emperors

Titus had been a steadying force but was followed on the throne by his brother Domitian who ruled from 81 to 96. Domitian was an egotist of similar stripe to Nero, and as his father Vespasian was now dead, when the youngest Flavian acceded to the throne - there was no force for restraint. Some historians state that the persecution of Christians expanded dramatically during his reign. However, noting that he maintained debaucheries, there is no historical record for persecutions…

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Revelation: Nero

Nero is the most readily recognized of all the emperors of Rome, except (possibly) for Julius Caesar. He reigned from 54 until his suicide in 68 and was the last of the Julian line. Though not mentioned by name in any of the ancient biblical manuscripts, it was undoubtedly to Nero that Paul had appealed as recorded in Acts. It was noted by the historian Seutonius that to deflect suspicion from himself as the starter of the great fire that…

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Revelation: The Claudians

Octavian was succeeded by Tiberius Claudius Nero (court name indicating his status as a god: Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti Filius). He was legally granted to be Octavian’s adopted son, and was also the secret lover of Octavian’s consort Livia. Tiberius reigned from 17 to 37. Tiberius was Caesar during the beginning of the Church of Christ (Luke 3:1). He too assumed the title Augustus. He had no care for any religions beyond the Roman Pantheon and emperor worship; and he…

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Revelation: The Empire Begins

This historical section is offered to allow those who have little knowledge of this to be better able to understand the tenor of the times in which the final book in the scriptures was written and how the early history of Rome fits seamlessly within it. I consider it to be of critical value to identifying many of the signs in Revelation. The Julians As noted: The first titled emperor of Rome was Gaius Julius Caesar, who reigned from BC…

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Revelation: Rome Begins With Caesar

Julius Caesar was a unique individual in many respects. He had been delivered in the first of what quickly became known as a Caesarian Section; and he, while still a child, wrote of his visions and dreams of leading Rome. As a young man he recorded his conquests in Germania from his early days as Tribune in charge of the Northern legions. He was intelligent, uncommon and unusual and thereby made many enemies. In BC 49 Julius Caesar with his…

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Revelation: Rome

Rome — from Republic to Empire I placed this short history of Rome prior to the reading and notes for a reason. Two things may become obvious: First, that the Roman Empire had a lot more to do with the history of the early churches than you may have previously considered, and had everything to do with the development of the apostate churches; and Second, that you should consider that both Daniel and Revelation deal with the destruction of Judaea…

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Revelation: The Four Kingdoms

Following Alexander’s death, the division of his empire eventually ended up in the dueling hands of four of his generals and their heirs. When time and force had settled things, Egypt began a long crawl into decline becoming nothing more than another subjugated province of Rome. There were other earlier and even some contemporaneous oriental societies to Egypt with cultures that affected the progress of God’s people. These include (and are not listed in any order): Sumerian, Hamitic, Hittite, Median,…

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On Revelation (Pt. 1: Eastern History – Old and New Testament Themes)

Eastern History - Old and New Testament Themes. It is critically important to begin a study of Revelation with a short history of Empires; and I will give Rome considerable detail beyond the rest. This is placed prior to the comments and notes, as without a look first at the book of Daniel and of Rome and its emperors up through the time of Constantine, we would miss critical information. Some of what is listed may be commonly known, but…

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The Revelation Outline (Introduction)

It is not news that the Revelation of Jesus Christ is the only prophetic book in the New Testament. Nor is it news that it continues to be the most difficult Biblical book to understand. Thousands of articles, hundreds of volumes and dozens of master and doctoral theses have been written offering explanations, suggesting answers to its various passages and prophesies. It holds a unique place with a style of its own and has spawned multiple questions and given rise…

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