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God’s Covenant Promises Fulfilled In Solomon

I have been studying and teaching through the book of 1 Kings. I have noticed some strong connections to the Abrahamic and Davidic covenants in the first eleven chapters and I wanted to share with you some of my conclusions over the next few posts. What we see in the kingdom under Solomon’s reign was a picture of the kingdom to come under the reign of Jesus.

To begin we need to be reacquainted with the covenantal promises made to Abraham:

Now the LORD said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. 2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” (Genesis 12:1–3 ESV)

After these things the word of the LORD came to Abram in a vision: “Fear not, Abram, I am your shield; your reward shall be very great.” 2 But Abram said, “O Lord GOD, what will you give me, for I continue childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?” 3 And Abram said, “Behold, you have given me no offspring, and a member of my household will be my heir.” 4 And behold, the word of the LORD came to him: “This man shall not be your heir; your very own son shall be your heir.” 5 And he brought him outside and said, “Look toward heaven, and number the stars, if you are able to number them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your offspring be.” 6 And he believed the LORD, and he counted it to him as righteousness. (Genesis 15:1–6 ESV)

When Abram was ninety-nine years old the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am God Almighty; walk before me, and be blameless, 2 that I may make my covenant between me and you, and may multiply you greatly.” 3 Then Abram fell on his face. And God said to him, 4 “Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. 5 No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. 6 I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make you into nations, and kings shall come from you. 7 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your offspring after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your offspring after you. 8 And I will give to you and to your offspring after you the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and I will be their God.” (Genesis 17:1–8 ESV)

I will surely bless you, and I will surely multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall possess the gate of his enemies, 18 and in your offspring shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because you have obeyed my voice.” (Genesis 22:17–18 ESV)

In these promises we see God making a covenant with Abraham that (1) God will give him land as an everlasting possession (17:8; 22:17), (2) God will make his descendants into a great nation, as numerous as the sand of the sea and stars of the sky (12:2; 15:5; 17:4; 22:17), and (3) God will bless the world through Abraham’s descendants (12:3; 17:6; 22:18). Please keep these covenantal promises in mind as we study 1 Kings in future posts.

Finally, I would like us to consider the covenantal promises made to David, as recorded in 2 Samuel 7:12-16.

When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13 He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14 I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, 15 but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. 16 And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever. (2 Samuel 7:12–16 ESV)

Note the promises given to David concerning his son. (1) David’s son will have a kingdom established by God (7:12), (2) David’s son will build a temple (house) to the Lord (7:13), (3) The throne of David’s son will be established forever (7:13), (4) God will act as a father to David’s son (7:14), (5) When David’s son sins, God will discipline him (7:14), (6) When David’s son sins, God will not remove his steadfast love from him, like when God removed the kingdom from Saul (7:15), and (7) The house, throne, and kingdom of David’s son will be established forever (7:16).

These are God’s precious covenantal promises to Abraham and David. In the next post we will see how these covenantal promises are described as being fulfilled in the reign of King Solomon.