From the lists of the twelve apostles given in the previous essay on this topic (Matthew 9: 1-4, Mark 3:16–19, Luke 6:13–16, and Acts 1:13) there are some things that should be immediately apparent.
Simon, the son of Jonah, commonly known as Peter, is mentioned first on every list.
Does that mean that he had some sort of preeminence? Of course it does.
Does that make him a first pope or a pope at all? No. You simply can’t get there using the scriptures, or the historical record. No such title or position is listed in the scriptures. And you can’t find anyone granted with succession rights to his position, or for that matter to the position of the others. Even with this noted prominence there was no position of chief apostle, arch bishop, and certainly there was no Pope. These things have no foundation in the scriptures, but only in the false doctrines of men.
However, Peter was prominent for a number of reasons. First, he was given the honor and duty to be the first to stand forth and speak of the resurrection of the Lord, of his ascension and glorification. He was chosen by Jesus as a leader within the twelve. Second, he was first to announce the blessings of the Kingdom of Heaven and to teach of baptism and forgiveness. He was also the first to speak before the councils and to offer the apostles’ witness to the resurrection of Christ and to the notable events that they had each witnessed. But then, he was jailed, beaten, and would eventually die because of his witness and his testimony.
With all of that noted, there is still no evidence that he acceded to any position other than “chosen of Christ.” There is however conclusive evidence against such notions found throughout the New Testament.