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Revelation: Rome

Rome — from Republic to Empire I place this short history of Rome prior to the reading and notes for a reason. Two things may become obvious: First, that the Roman Empire had a lot more to do with the history of the early churches than you may have previously considered, and had everything to do with the development of the apostate churches; and Second, that you should consider that both Daniel and Revelation deal with the destruction of Judaea…

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Revelation: The Four Kingdoms

Following Alexander’s death, the division of his empire eventually ended up in the dueling hands of four of his generals and their heirs. When time and force had settled things, Egypt began a long crawl into decline becoming nothing more than another subjugated province of Rome. There were other earlier and even some contemporaneous oriental societies to Egypt with cultures that affected the progress of God’s people. These include (and are not listed in any order): Sumerian, Hamitic, Hittite, Median,…

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On Revelation (Pt. 1: Eastern History – Old and New Testament Themes)

Eastern History - Old and New Testament Themes. It is critically important to begin a study of Revelation with a short history of Empires; and I will give Rome considerable detail beyond the rest. This is placed prior to the comments and notes, as without a look first at the book of Daniel and of Rome and its emperors up through the time of Constantine, we would miss critical information. Some of what is listed may be commonly known, but…

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The Revelation Outline (Introduction)

The book of Revelation is a complete part of God final message to mankind. There is no need to set out for some ancient ruin or to look on dusty monastery shelves for chapter twenty-three or a long-lost volume two. Nothing needs to be added. The angel who spoke to John had him write that into the text. The Apostle listed the things he saw and heard in order. It was then sent out to seven identified assemblies as the…

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On Revelation

With this short note I am announcing the posting of an outline on the book of The Revelation of Jesus Christ. Entries will begin posting on November 19, 2018. The comments and notes will include a historical section and an essay dealing with some of the prominent theories on the book’s date of publication. A bibliography will also be included. Where certain works were consulted during the preparation, credit was given. Some entries are footnoted, some blocked in Italics or bracketed. I pray that…

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Fire from Heaven

Revelation 20:9 states “…and fire came down from God in heaven and devoured them.” This is the only thing comparable to a battle that is found among the final passages from the last book in the Bible. Yet there is no trace of armies and warfare. It says God will have the only weapon (“fire from heaven”), and that he will destroy all who had not worshipped Christ: “the Lamb of God.” So, the final judgment will be completely one…

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The Restoration Movement (4) The Influence of the Enlightenment

The Age of Enlightenment had a significant influence on the Campbell movement. Thomas Campbell was also a student of the Enlightenment philosopher John Locke. While he did not explicitly use the term "essentials" in the Declaration and Address, Thomas proposed the same solution to religious division as had been advanced earlier by Herbert and Locke: "[R]educe religion to a set of essentials upon which all reasonable persons might agree." The essentials he identified were those practices for which the Bible…

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The Restoration Movement (3) Alexander Campbell

Thomas' son Alexander came to the US to join him in 1809. Before long, he assumed the leading role in the movement. The Campbells worked within the Redstone Baptist Association during the period 1815 through 1824. While both the Campbells and the Baptists shared practices of baptism by immersion and congregational polity, it quickly became clear the Campbells and their associates were not traditional Baptists. Within the Redstone Association, some of the Baptist leaders considered the differences intolerable when Alexander…

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The Restoration Movement (2) The Cane Ridge Revival

The Cane Ridge Revival In 1801, the Cane Ridge Revival in Kentucky planted the seed for a movement in Kentucky and the Ohio River valley to disassociate from denominationalism. In 1803 Stone and others withdrew from the Kentucky Presbytery and formed the Springfield Presbytery. The defining event of the Stone wing of the movement was the publication of Last Will and Testament of The Springfield Presbytery, at Cane Ridge, Kentucky, in 1804. The Last Will is a brief document in…

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The American Restoration Movement (1)

During the late Middle Ages, dissenters such as John Wycliff and Johann Huss called for a restoration of a primitive form of Christianity, but they were driven underground. As a result, it is difficult to find any direct links between such early dissenters and the restoration movement. From the Renaissance, intellectual roots become easier to discern. At the heart of the Reformation was an emphasis on the principle of "Scripture alone" (Latin: sola scriptura). This, along with the related insistence…

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