When Jesus was raised from the dead, he took up what had been promised to him. Through his obedience, He became King and was given authority and dominion, that of the Kingdom of Heaven. He closed his time on earth in part with this call and prayer for His Twelve Apostles; all authority in Heaven and on earth is given to Me. Therefore Go, disciple all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things, as many things as I commanded you. And, behold, I am with you always until the completion of the age. Amen. (Mt. 28:18 – 20)
When Peter, less than a week later, stood before the multitude gathered on the temple grounds, that glorious morning, he noted many things. Among those, he said that Jesus had been glorified and had been received into heaven. Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and receiving the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, He has poured out this which you now see and hear. (Acts 2:33)
Notice carefully what the apostle had said. The exalted Lord, upon his return to heaven, received the promise of the Holy Spirit, which had been promised to Him upon his resurrection and accession.
So, Jesus received the promise of the Holy Spirit from His Father, and because of His obedience and in His position as the glorified Son of God; He then poured the presence of the Holy Spirit upon all flesh. That corresponding outpouring is the baptism of the Holy Spirit.
On this prestigious date The Holy Spirit was poured out first upon Israel, just as promised by God and Christ. Later in Caesarea, it would be poured out on the gentile believers, in complete fulfillment of the prophecies of Daniel, Isaiah, Joel, John the Baptist and all of the rest of the prophets.
What was poured out that day, according to Peter and the eleven, was this which you now see and hear.
They had all been witness to the heralding in of the Kingdom of Heaven that day.
It had nothing to do with being overtaken by the Holy Spirit in some form of power. The only persons listed to be in that position were those same twelve men chosen by Christ to bring the Kingdom of Heaven back out into the light of day. The text is quite clear on this. Only those who choose to ignore these things and the clear imprint of the text as it has been delivered by the Holy Spirit, are capable of finding other events and other persons overtaken by miraculous power at this stage in the proceedings and in these images.
Twelve holy men stood before the multitude speaking in languages hitherto unknown to them. That is exactly what the text indicates. The same sign later accompanied the heralding of the Kingdom to the nations. This is what the scriptures state, and nothing more; the rest are improper assertions and misappropriations of the text.
Peter then said this (and this was rightly noted in a comment to the last post): Repent and be baptized. Upon immersion, then each participant, each believer, received remission of his sins and had received the gift of the Holy Spirit: the gift of God, which has already here been identified. It has nothing to do with an overtaking within each person, or the granting of undue rights to perform miracles. But it is the outpouring of the Spirit upon all flesh the granting of salvation through Christ and the presence of the Kingdom of Heaven with mankind.
The only true mystery is why God has been so merciful to us in our willful ignorance of His Word.
Repent and be baptized, every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for remission of sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all the ones far off, as many as the Lord our God shall call.
And with many other words he earnestly testified and exhorted, saying, ‘Be saved from this perverse generation.’ Then those who gladly received his words were immersed. And about three thousand men were added that day. (Acts 2: 38 – 42)
The eunuch said to Philip, ‘I ask you, and of whom does the prophet speak; of himself, or about some other person?’ And opening his mouth, and beginning from this Scripture, Philip preached Jesus to him.
And as they were going along the way they came on some water. And the eunuch said, ‘Behold, water! What prevents me to be baptized?’ And Philip said, ‘If you believe from all the heart, it is lawful.’ And answering he said, ‘I believe Jesus Christ to be the Son of God.’
And he commanded the chariot to stand still. And both went down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch; and he baptized him.
(Acts 8:34 – 38)